Sunday, February 24, 2013

Mga Relihiyon sa Timog at Kanlurang Asya


                                Relihiyon sa Timog Asya


Hinduism

   Hinduism "walang-hanggang batas")[1] ay isang relihiyon na nagsimula sa kontinente ng India. Ang salitang Hindu ay nangangahulugangIndia.



Buddhism

   Buddhism - is a religion indigenous to the Indian subcontinent that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha (meaning "the awakened one" in Sanskritand Pāli). The Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[1] He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end suffering (dukkha) through eliminating ignorance (avidyā) by way of understanding and seeing dependent origination (pratītyasamutpāda) and eliminating craving (taṇhā), and thus attain the highest happiness, nirvāņa.



Jainism

  Jainism -  traditionally known as Jaina dharma, is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings. It is one of the oldest religions of the world finding its roots in ancient India.[1] Tradition says that this belief has been preached by a succession of twenty-four propagators of faith known astirthankara. Jainism emphasises spiritual independence and equality between all forms of life. Practitioners of this religion believe that non-violence and self-control is the means by which they can obtain liberation from the cycle of reincarnations.


Sikhism

  Sikhism- monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab region, by Guru Nanak[3] which continued to progress with ten successive Sikh gurus (the last teaching being the holy scripture Guru Granth Sahib). It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world, with approximately 30 million Sikhs.[4][5] This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as theGurmat (literally 'wisdom of the Gurū'). Punjab, India is the only region in the world with a majority Sikh population.

                
                 Relihiyon sa Kanlurang Asya


Judaism

 Judaism-the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos)[3] is the religionphilosophy and way of life of the Jewish people.[4] A monotheistic religion originating in the Hebrew Bible (also known as the Tanakh) and explored in later texts such as the Talmud, Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship Godestablished with the Children of Israel.[5] Rabbinic Judaism holds that God revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of both the Written andOral Torah.[6] Historically, this assertion was challenged by various groups such as theSadducees and Hellenistic Judaism during the Second Temple period; the Karaites andSabbateans during the early and later medieval period;[7] and among segments of the modern reform movements. Liberal movements in modern times such as Humanistic Judaism may be nontheistic.



Kristiyanismo

  Kristiyanismo-ay isang relihiyong monoteista (naniniwala sa iisang Diyos lamang) na nakabatay sa buhay at turo ni Hesus ayon sa isinulat ng kanyang mga tagapagsunod sa Bagong Tipan. Pinaniniwalaan ng mga Kristiyano na si Hesus ay ang anak ng Diyos at ang mesiyas ng Hudaismo. Ito ay ang pinakamalaking pananampalataya sa kasalukuyan sa buong daidig na may higit kumulang sa 2.1 bilyong taong kasapi nito. Ang relihiyong ito ay itinayo ni Kristo sa Israel. Ngunit maraming mga sanga ang relihiyong ito, lahat ng mga kasapi rito ay naniniwala sa Diyos.


Islam

   Islam - "pagsuko (sa kalooban ng Diyos)" ay isang pananampalatayangmonoteismo at ang ikalawang pinakamalaking relihiyon sa mundo. Ito ay isang Abrahamikong relihiyon kasama ng Kristiyanismo at Hudaismo kaya't malapit na kamag-anak ng mgapananampalatayang ito.[1] Naniniwala ang mga tagasunod ng Islam na kilala bilang mga Muslim[2]na ipinahayag ng Diyos (Allah sa Arabo) ang kanyang banal na salita sa sangkatauhan sa pamamagitan ng maraming mga naunang mga propeta, at ni Muhammad na siyang huling propetang Islam.


Source : wikipedia.org.com

Mga Kontribusyong Asyano sa daigdig

 India

      Mudra-ay isang simboliko o ritwal na galaw sa Hinduismo at Budismo.[1]Bagaman ang ilang mga mudrā ay kinasasangkutan ng buong katawan, ang karamihan ay isinasagawa ng mga kamay at mga daliri.[2] Ang mudrā ay isang espiritwal na galaw at isang selyong enerhitiko ng autentisidad na ginagamit sa ikonograpiya at kasanayang espiritwal ng mga relihyong Indian at mga tradisyon ng Dharma at Taoismo. Ang isang daan at walong mga mudra ang ginagamit sa mga regular na tantrikong ritwal.[3]

Japan


     Kabuki-is an art form rich in showmanship. It involves elaborately designed costumes, eye-catching make-up, outlandish wigs, and arguably most importantly, the exaggerated actions performed by the actors. The highly-stylized movements serve to convey meaning to the audience; this is especially important since an old-fashioned form of the Japanese language is traditionally being used, which is difficult even for some Japanese people to understand.
 Source : japan-guide.com



     Noh (Nōgaku) - ay isang mahalagang anyo ng klasikong musikal na Hapones na drama na tinatanghal na noong pang ika-14 na siglo. Kasama ng halos katulad na kyōgen, lumago ito bilang ng iba't ibang popular, katutubo at aristokartikong anyong sining, kasama na dito ang DengakuShirabyoshi, at Gagaku. Kahit na ang Noh ay pinayaman ng matagal ng maraming siglo, makikitang galing ito sa Nuo, () ng Dinastiyang TangSarugaku (mula sa mga "musikal ng Wu" na tradisyon ng mga iba't ibang dinastiyang Instik), at mga katutubong teatriko.



Indonesia


     Gamelan -is a traditional musical ensemble from Indonesia, typically from the islands ofJava and Bali, featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophonesxylophones,kendang (drums) and gongsbamboo flutes, bowed and plucked stringsVocalists may also be included. For most Indonesians, gamelan music is an integral part of Indonesian culture.



       Wayang Kulithe wayang is a flat or round puppets used for shows in Java.The wayang kulit is the flat one and it is made with buffalo leather. They are manipulated behind a white screen with a back light, so the attendance can see them as shadow puppets.
A wayang performance is also a great place to listen to a Gamalan orchestra which always comes along with the play.

Source : wikipedia.org.com